Gap, the prefecture of the Hautes-Alpes, nicknamed the Sweet Capital of the Southern Alps, is located 100 km south of Grenoble and 180 km north of Marseille. A strategic position in the heart of the mountains!
Far from being able to make an exhaustive list of the richness of Gap's built heritage, we suggest you discover some ideas of places to visit during your stay in Gap.
Feel free to deepen your discovery with our guided tours!
The first cathedral church was built on this site (Place Saint Arnoux) in the 5th century on the ruins of a Roman temple dedicated to Apollo.
Over the centuries, several buildings followed one another until the current monument was built between 1867 and 1905 by the architect Charles Laisné. Dedicated to Notre-Dame de l'Assomption, it was classified as a historical monument on August 9, 1906.
The use of stones of various colours from 41 different quarries gives a majestic look to the whole building, where Romanesque and Gothic styles are mixed.
The mosaics of the alley and the choir were made by Gian Domenico Facchina in 1892, who designed the facades of the Opéra Garnier in Paris.
The Chapel of the Penitents
A place of worship that has become a mythical concert hall for its incredible acoustics, the Chapelle of the Penitents has a special atmosphere between history and modernity.
The Town Hall
The first communal house was built in 1400 on the current site of the Town Hall. The construction of the belfry overlooking the building dates back to 1407. Destroyed by the fire caused by the Duke of Savoy's troops in 1692, the building was rebuilt according to the plans of the architect Lechat and finished in 1743, as indicated by the Roman numeral inscription under the balcony. The facade and interior staircase of the Town Hall were included in the additional inventory of Historic Monuments on 29 November 1948.
The coat-of-arms of Gap
Gap's coat-of-arms consists of an azure-coloured shield, surrounded by two golden branches, one of oak and the other of laurel, and surmounted by four crenellated turrets. The latter correspond to the four gates of the 15th century rampart - Colombe, Jaussaude, Lignole and Saint-Arey - which allowed people to enter the city. Inside the shield is the city gate, from which protrude four other turrets, two crenellated and two covered, which correspond mutually to the two governments of the city: the Civil Power and the Ecclesiastical Power.
The choice of colours is also not insignificant - blue for the azure sky of Provence and gold for the sun that had just gilded the city wall.
The village of Chaudun, founded in 1593, was abandoned by its inhabitants at the end of the 19th century. It illustrates the economic difficulties that led to the rural exodus, some "chauduniers" made the choice to emigrate to Algeria, the United States or Canada in search of a better life.
Today the site is in the heart of a vast domain with wild landscapes and at the crossroads of hiking trails. Located between 1300 and 1350 m, this large circular valley, where torrents converge, is surrounded by peaks exceeding 2000 m in altitude such as the Gleize peak. Here reign a varied fauna and flora which enrich this site classified Natura 2000. The mouflon (which counts more than 500 congeners here), the fir forest of the Bois du Chapitre or the pulsatilla anemone are emblematic of this biodiversity.
Toutourisme: The heritage of Gap is accessible with doggies, except the cathedral and the departmental museum.